On August 30, 1918, in Moscow, on the territory of the plant that belonged to businessman L. Mikhelson before his nationalization by the Soviet government, Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (Lenin) was assassinated. Lenin was the founder of the Bolshevik party, its ideological leader, and after an armed coup in the fall of 1917 in the city of Petrograd (the revolutionary name of the city of St. Petersburg), when the Bolsheviks seized power, Lenin became the main political leader of the former Russian Empire. The story of the attempted assassination of the leader of the Russian proletariat raises many questions, most of which still lack clear answers. The most important of them - who shot, and who organized the crime. There have been numerous attempts to answer these two important questions. The researchers, relying on the available historical documents (protocols of interrogations of participants in the incident, memories of contemporaries of those events), had different opinions. As a result, formed three versions. First, a woman was shot at Lenin by political convictions, a lone terrorist Fanny Kaplan . Second, the attempt was organized by the chairman of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee (VTSIK) Jacob Sverdlov  with the aim of seizing power in the Land of the Soviets. Third, Lenin and his close associates planned this attempt in order to initiate a "bloody terror" against the internal political enemies of the Soviet state.
The latest version could have a right to exist if the shots at Lenin were made by blank cartridges. In this case, the next day after the “attempt” in the mass media, the Bolsheviks would publish the text as follows: “The enemies of the Soviet Government committed a vile, insidious crime against the leader of the world proletariat, and only by luck did not hit the bullet in Lenin”. And already on the basis of this, they could organize terror of any scale and any “coloring”. However, the shots were fired with live ammunition, and the leader of the revolution was seriously injured, and he could have died. Would Lenin agree to such a deadly staging, organized by his colleagues? The answer is obvious, and therefore the third version is definitely not consistent.
At the end of August 2018, the Presidential Library named after B.N. Yeltsin (Moscow) has published a small amount of new information about the attempted assassination of Lenin . The reason for the appearance of these materials is quite natural. On August 30, 2018, it was exactly 100 years since the day when shots were sounded in the twilight on the territory of the Michelson plant, and it was necessary to somehow react to this event. Of course, the published information is of great interest. On the basis of its comprehensive analysis, the author obtained unexpected results that, to the already known facts about this dramatic event, allow to clarify, supplement, and in some ways even refute certain circumstances of the attempt on Lenin.
Moscow, Friday, August 30th. Morning day Evening.
At about 11 o'clock in the morning, an emergency message arrived from the city of Petrograd in the Kremlin, which indicated that an assassination attempt had been made there on the chairman of the Petrograd Emergency Commission M. S. Uritsky , as a result of which he was killed. It was reported that the murder was committed by a member of the Popular Socialist Party, Leonid Kannegiser ; the law enforcement agencies of the city found out the motives of his actions. Lenin immediately sent there to help the Petrograd investigators of the chairman of the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (VChK) F.E. Dzerzhinsky  to conduct a thorough investigation of all the circumstances of the murder under his leadership. Then, during the day, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin worked with various state documents , , and in the evening he had to speak at propaganda rallies before the working people of two enterprises in the city of Moscow.
Before leaving for a meeting with the Moscow proletariat, Lenin had dinner at 5 pm, while his sister M. I. Ulyanova was present. She, in connection with the assassination of Uritsky, appealed to her brother with a request to cancel the trip to the planned meetings. Lenin ignored her appeal , . Immediately after the end of the dinner, the leader of the proletarian revolution, on one of the Kremlin cars, unaccompanied by guards, went to make speeches before the working people. Lenin and his personal chauffeur S. Gil were in the car . As a rule, these speeches by the leaders of the Bolshevik Party began at six o'clock in the evening . The first rally was to be held on the former Hlebnoye Stock Exchange at 6 pm, the second - at the Michelson plant at 7 pm. Lenin arrived at the Michelson factory at about seven o'clock in the evening , . This is a very important circumstance, because at 18 hours 26 minutes the sun went down and dusk set in.